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Are dogs smarter than cats based on the size of their brains?

Cats give us looks that suggest to us that they are not only smart, but also smart with some condescension, and at the same time dogs are humble about what they show, so does that reflect the intelligence of each of them?

Who is smarter: cats or dogs?

Are dogs smarter than cats?


The never-ending saga of fierce rivalry between cats and dogs is ancient, and it goes beyond that to include this saga of the smartest between them as well, while cats are usually seen as independent and out of sight as if they are unique in their abstract thinking, dogs are known for their loyalty and trainability. So that one is smarter than the other?

The truth is that comparing animal intelligence is a complex and delicate process. Animal intelligence is a concept that calls for exploration and in-depth, and the debate is still going on about who is the smartest among cats and dogs, so has a winner been decided between them?


How can we understand the intelligence of animals?


Understanding and comparing animal intelligence is complex because it includes multiple aspects. Animal intelligence is usually measured by measuring the animal’s ability to perceive, think, and learn from its environment. Tests that assess intelligence in environments outside of nature may not provide a true representation of her skills and abilities.

Additionally, different animal species have special skills that can’t be assessed using the same methods. For example, the true ability of birds to move great distances is not reflected in a test originally designed to assess the ability of mammals to do so.

In addition, there is practical intelligence, which refers to an animal’s ability to thrive and develop, such as the natural ability of cats to hunt stealthily which is a sign of intelligence, while practical intelligence of dogs is manifested as agile companions.

It is also important to note the different types of intelligence in different contexts, as the independent nature of a cat can be seen as a sign of intelligence in a home environment, while a dog’s ability to follow commands shows intelligence in a work or service environment.


Are cats smarter than dogs?


Cats are renowned for their independence and enigmatic personalities. They also have a wide range of cognitive skills, including the ability to use tools like levers and doors to solve puzzles and get food. On the other hand, cats have a remarkable memory that enables them to recognize the faces of other animals and humans, and beyond that, cats can even remember the location of things they have seen previously, which is likely to develop their spatial memory.

Cats also have the ability to learn from observation, a cognitive ability known as “social learning”, as they can learn how to solve a puzzle by watching other cats solve the puzzle, which in turn indicates that they are able to imitate and learn from other cats, which is A sign of advanced intelligence.


Can we say that dogs are smarter than cats based on the size of their brains?

What makes dogs valuable companions to humans for centuries is their loyalty and ability to train, however, dogs are intelligent beings with cognitive abilities that go beyond their ability to follow orders, as dogs have a high degree of social intelligence that makes them able to communicate with other dogs and other humans, by understanding human signals and responding to it, which is a sign of advanced social intelligence.

Dogs also have an amazing ability to learn and respond to human language. They can understand and respond to more than 200 words and phrases, which puts them on par with the language skills and cognitive flexibility of a two-year-old.

On the other hand, dogs have multiple features, including remembering familiar faces even after years of separation, in addition to their exceptional sense of smell that makes them able to differentiate between a wide spectrum of different odors, which is a sign of advanced olfactory intelligence.


What are the differences between the brains of cats and dogs?

One of the main differences between the brains of cats and dogs is cognitive function. While dogs tend to be more socially sophisticated and trainable, cats are more independent and naturally inclined to solve problems. The size of the brain plays a role in the occurrence of this disparity, as the brains of dogs have more neurons in the cerebral cortex compared to the brain of cats, while the cerebral cortex of cats contains 250 million neurons, the cerebral cortex of the brains of dogs contains 500 million neurons.

The cerebral cortex has multiple areas associated with specific functions such as memory or problem-solving. In dogs, the area of the cerebral cortex associated with social cognition and communication is relatively large, which may explain their advanced social intelligence.

On the other hand, the cerebral cortex associated with vision and movement in cats has a larger area, which explains their advanced hunting and camouflage abilities. The hippocampus, a region of the brain related to spatial memory and movement, is likewise highly developed in cats.

Are dogs smarter than cats?


Who is smarter: cats or dogs?


When comparing the intelligence of cats and dogs, it is important to first take into account their unique nature, as well as the size of their brains and the variance in their cognitive functions. While they both have great problem-solving skills and perfect memory, cats and dogs differ in their social IQ and training ability. These differences are due to anatomy as well as being the result of the unique environments, human interactions, and selective breeding of each.

There is no clear winner, the intelligence of both cats and dogs is unique in its own way and there is no inherent superiority between them. There is no clear winner either, despite the fact that a dog’s brain is bigger than a cat’s, as each species has unique advantages based on its evolutionary history and the abilities it requires to thrive.

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